Amsterdam is the capital city of the Netherlands. The city, also known Mokum in Amsterdam, lies at the mouth of the Amstel and the IJ.

The name Amsterdam derives from a 13th century dam built in the Amstel. The place got its city rights around the year 1300 and grew to be one of the largest commercial trading cities in the world during the Golden Age. Population growth at the end of the 16th century led to a great expansion of the city, including the grachtengordel (canal network), which is on the UNESCO World Heritage list and belongs to the most important important landmarks in the city. Other attractions in in the capital city include museums like the Rijksmuseum, the Stedelijk Museum and the Van Gogh Museum; the Anne Frank House; the prostitution area De Wallen (Red Light District) ; the large markets; the city parks and the many coffee shops. Furthermore, Amsterdam has two universities and is the city with the most nationalities in the world.

Musea in Amsterdam:

The Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam is a museum for classic modern and contemporary art.

The vast collection at the Van Gogh Museum contains some 200 paintings, 500 drawing and 750 letters from Vincent Van Gogh. In the museum you can closely follow the development of Van Gogh’s work or compare one of his paintings with a another 19th century artist work that are part of the collection. Besides this there are exhibits that change from time to time.

The Rijksmuseum is the largest and most important national museum in the Netherlands. The museum offers an overview of Dutch art and history in over 200 show rooms at the museum. A large part of the one million piece collection consists of work from 17th century Dutch masters. Including work by Rembrandt van Rijn (including the Night Watch), Johannes Vermeer (including the Milkmaid), Jan Steen and Frans Hals. The Rijksmuseum is open daily from 9:00am until 6:00pm.

The Anne Frank House is a monument in memory of Anne Frank and her family. Anne Frank was a German born Jewish girl that became world famous for writing a journal during the second world war. She lived hidden in the back house of this canal side property on de Prinsengracht with her family for over two years. During these years she wrote her journal “het Achterhuis”.